READ

"I just sit in my office and read all day." Warren Buffett

"I spend the bulk of my day reading the work of others whom I respect" Frank Martin

“Never stop reading. History doesn’t repeat but it does rhyme” Seth Klarman

"I have learned more from reading than from formal education" Roy Neuberger

"Read as many investment books as you can get your hands on. I've been able to learn something from almost every book I have read" Lee Ainslie

"I don’t think you can get to be a really good investor over a broad range without doing a massive amount of reading." Charlie Munger

"Investing is one of the few things you can learn on your own. You can learn investing by reading books. I went to business school to learn how to be a good investor. When I got to Harvard, I discovered there wasn't a course on investing. I decided to open my first self-study program" Bill Ackman

“a voracious reader, Kahn devours everything except fiction, which adds little value to his search for investment ideas. A close follower of the latest news and trends – he has read thousands of non-fiction books – most of which are heavily marked with his apt comments”

"Frank Betz, who was Carret’s personal assistant in the Eighties, recalled that he read voraciously – not just corporate reports and newspapers but also books on philosophy, history, economics and biographies"

"I am obsessed with stocks and investing — I read everything." Ted Weschler

“Ideas come to me from all sources, principally from reading and talking. I don’t discriminate how they come, as long as they are good ideas. You can recognise good ideas by reading a great deal and also by studying a lot of companies and constantly learning from intelligent people – hopefully more intelligent than you are, especially in their field. I try to read as much as I can” Li Lu

Read 500 pages like this every day... That's how knowledge works. It builds up, like compound interest. All of you can do it, but I guarantee not many of you will do it.” Warren Buffett

“I’ve found no substitution for constant reading to immerse myself in the flow of information that eventually results in ideas” Thomas Gaynor

"You should be a voracious reader and a sponge of information from other investors. With all the ideas out there, you do not have to agree with them or adopt them, but you should consider them" Larry Robbins

"I don't know of any successful investors who come up with good ideas without reading" Thomas Kahn

"First and foremost, I read a lot, and we never use screens to generate any ideas whatsoever. Our ideas come from reading newspapers, books, magazines, analysts' reports, and even our competitors' investment holdings" Francisco Garcia Parames

“If it is wisdom you’re after, you’re going to spend a lot of time on your ass reading.” Charlie Munger

"Read voraciously.  Learn more broadly about behaviour, philosophy of thinking, biographies and history.  Get a sense of the possible.  Look at the repeating cycles in human history.  There's an abundance of material out there, so you can build your own invisible board of directors, if you will. That's incredibly important" Matthew McLennan

“I’m a passionate reader. That’s why being an investor is the perfect job for me.” Irving Kahn

"Read voraciously and wait patiently, and from time to time these amazing bets will present themselves" Mohnish Pabrai

"If you want to get good at investing, read a lot and practice a lot" Joel Greenblatt

"There are no short cuts to mental fitness.  Much like compound interest, reading has compounding benefits" Christopher Begg

“I try to read at least five to eight hours a day.”  Lou Simpson

"I can think of no better way to become more intelligent than sit down and read. In fact, that’s what Charlie and I mostly do." Warren Buffett

"I think its helps to read broadly, what good does it do to know everything about one little thing if you don't know how it fits into the world, and how the world is going to effect it"  Howard Marks

"I’ve mainly learned by reading myself. So I don’t think I have any original ideas. Certainly, I talk about reading [Benjamin] Graham. I’ve read Phil Fisher. So I’ve gotten a lot of ideas myself from reading." Warren Buffett

"Read as much as you can about the markets, economy, and financial history.  Never stop reading"  Seth Klarman

"I read voraciously and still do.  I read lots of business biography because it informs me about human behaviour, how people behave in their business life and how that effect how they will do"  Chuck Akre

"I read and read and read.   I probably read 5 to 6 hours per day.  I read five daily newspapers, I read a fair number of magazines, I read 1ok's, I read annual reports, and I read a lot of other things too.  I've always enjoyed reading.  I love reading biographies for example" Warren Buffett

"Recently I read an interview with Charlie Munger, Warren Buffett's alter. Munger is a great investor and a really smart, wise old guy; "I have said that in my whole life, I have known no wise person over a broad subject matter area who didn't read all the time - none, zero. Now I know all kinds of shrewd people who by staying within a narrow area can do very well without reading. But investment is a broad area. So if you think you're going to be good at it and not read all the time, you have a different idea than I do … You'd be amazed at how much Warren Buffett reads. You'd be amazed at how much I read." [Charlie Munger at the Berkshire Hathaway 2003 Annual Meeting].     Reading is definitely my thing, too, and I think you have to read not just business stuff but also history, novels, and even some poetry.  Investing is about glimpsing, however dimly, the ebb and flow of human events. It's very much about breasting the tides of emotion, too, which is where the novels and poetry come in.  Besides, sometimes you have to refresh your mind and soul by consuming some crafted, eloquent writing." Barton Biggs

"Don't limit yourself to just reading business and economics.  Read philosophy and read the great economic thinkers"  Frank Martin

"Curiosity is the engine of civilization. If I were to elaborate it would be to say read, read, read and don't forget to talk to people, really talk, listening with attention and have conversations, on whatever topic, that are an exchange of thoughts.  Keep the reading broad, beyond just the professional.  This helps to develop one's sense of perspective in all matters"  Peter Cundill

“If you can set your life up in a manner which gives you large chunks of time to do reading, but reading not from the context of  'I’m going to do an investment’, but reading from the context of getting better at knowing how the world works.  You get to wisdom which is different from just being smart.  You can build up an advantage over your peers” Mohnish Pabrai

"Being a successful investor you need to be hungry, intellectually curious, interested, read all the time. Read a lot of newspapers. You need a certain level of randomness in order to connect things that might give you an insight into where a business is going in five years that somebody else might not see." Ted Weschler

"Successful investors are vociferous readers"  Scott Fearon

"If you read widely, you can learn from people whose ideas merit publishing.  Some of the most important for me were Charley Ellis's great article "The Losers Game", A Short History of Financial Euphoria, by John Kenneth Galbraith and Nassim Nicholas Taleb's Fooled by Randomness. Each did a great deal to shape my thinking"  Howard Marks

"Develop into a lifelong self-learner through voracious reading; cultivate curiosity and strive to become a little wiser every day" Charlie Munger

"Read a lot, and read about the things that are not possible now, but will be in the future.  As long as you keep your mind sharp and busy, you will see good things happen"  Irving Kahn

"I am also addicted to reading .. my taste is eclectic ranging from novels to history"  Barton Biggs

"I spend the vast majority of my day reading. I try to make about half of that reading random. Things like newspapers and trade periodicals.” Ted Weschler

“I get in around 7 or 8, and I read until about 7 or 8 at night.  And I go home, and see my family, and then I’ll read for another hour or two in bed at night. And you know, there might only be three to four phone calls the entire week. So there are very, very few interruptions. I have a great assistant who knows everything that I read, and she kinda provides everything, and there’s a back and forth between us where I’ll mark it up, and give it back to her. And we have a system for filing and so forth. But it’s literally just reading about 12 hours a day of everything I just mentioned.” Todd Combs

& THINK …..

"Information cannot serve as an effective substitute for thinking" Bernard Baruch

"Unfortunately, Bertrand Russell's observation about life in general applied with unusual force in the financial world "Most men would rather die than think. Many do" Warren Buffett

“To make a success you must investigate and study yourself. Unless you change from a “lamb” to a thinker and seek knowledge, you will go the way of all lambs, to slaughter” William D Gann

“I insist on a lot of time being spent, almost every day, to just sit and think. That is very uncommon in American business. I read and think. So I do more reading and thinking, and make less impulse decisions than most people in business. I do it because I like this kind of life." Warren Buffett

“We do a lot of thinking and not a lot of acting. A lot of investors do a lot of acting, and not a lot of thinking.” Lou Simpson

"Unencumbered by the received wisdom of a business education, I had to figure things out for myself. If you think things through for yourself, you may waste some time, but you may also stumble onto something that has been ignored or disregarded" Leon Levy

“In order to be successful in the markets you have to be an independent thinker because the consensus is built into the price. So you to have to have a view that’s different from others. But whenever you do there a high probability you’re wrong” Ray Dalio

"Accounting numbers, of course, are the language of business and as such are of enormous help to anyone evaluating the worth of a business and tracking its progress. Charlie and I would be lost without these numbers: they invariably are the starting point for us in evaluating our own businesses and those of others. Managers and owners need to remember, however, that accounting is but an aid to business thinking, never a substitute for it." Warren Buffett

"You can’t be a good value investor without being an independent thinker – you’re seeing valuations that the market is not appreciating" Joel Greenblatt

“You need to get into the frame of mind of thinking about what really makes one business more successful than others. What is their advantage, why are they making more money, and some doing just less. Why is it? The only way you can find that is studying the ones that are already established” Li Lu

Think for yourself is always a great place to start. Just think it through, do it yourself, and do it your way. Long or short.” Marc Cohodes

“The best way to think about investments is to be in a room with no one else and just think. And if that doesn‘t work, nothing else is going to work.” Warren Buffett

”If everyone is thinking alike then somebody isn’t thinking.” Frank Martin

“We read and think” Ed Wachenheim

“I can’t say enough about doing your own homework and then thinking about it” Glenn Greenberg

"Frequently, you'll look at a business having fabulous results. And the question is, "How long can this continue?" Well, there's only one way I know to answer that. And that's to think about why the results are occurring now – and then to figure out the forces that could cause those results to stop occurring" Charlie Munger

“A checklist is no substitute for thinking.” Warren Buffett

“We spend a great deal of time thinking about the architecture of our investment philosophy and our process.” Christopher Begg

"If, in your thinking, you rely entirely on others, often through purchase or professional advice, whenever outside a small territory of your own, you will suffer much calamity" Charlie Munger

“We have yet to be swayed by the virtues of analyst teams and investment meetings. We’re old school. We mostly just sit around reading, thinking, and waiting." Allan Mecham

“Warren and I do more reading and thinking and less doing than most people in business. We do that because we like that kind of a life. But we’ve turned that quirk into a positive outcome for ourselves.” Charlie Munger

“I think right now there is a huge lack of critical thought. More people need to ask "Does this make sense? How does this make sense? What really is the end game here?" Marc Cohodes

“Sometimes much can be learned by simply stepping back from the hectic pace of business life and asking the question, “Does all of this make sense?” Frank Martin

"In life as in investing, what kills you is what you don't know about and what you're not thinking about" Bruce Berkowitz

"I began my life in the Great Depression of the 1930's.  Along with millions of others, my family was struggling to get by from one day to the next.  Though we didn't have helpful connections and I went to public schools, I found a resource that made all the difference: I learned how to think"  Ed Thorp